Category Archives: Estate Taxes

Transferring the Family Home to Your Children

UntitledThe act of passing on the family home is no longer as simple as just handing over the deed to your children. According to Smart Money magazine, “there are nearly a dozen ways to give a home to your child. And a couple are tax-free.” Yet to make this kind of exchange or transfer possible, it cannot be done last minute, and definitely needs to happen before you are no longer able to handle your affairs. “In order for the transaction to work properly,” according to Smart Money, “you’ve got to plan ahead.” The most important first step of planning is to hire an estate planning attorney to begin the complicated process.

According to CNN Money Magazine, the federal estate tax exemption, the amount you may leave to heirs free of federal tax, is permanently set at $5 million, indexed for inflation. In 2013, “estates under $5.25 million are exempt from the tax. Amounts above that are taxed up to a top rate of 40 percent.” Rather than gifting the home to your children while you are still living there, states Smart Money, it is much better to stay in your home until you die, providing that your home is below the estate-tax exemption ($5.25 million). “Even if you pay a market-rate rent to your child, the IRS might argue the home’s full date-of-death value still belongs in your taxable estate.” This could leave your children with a higher tax burden than you intended.

Other options are to give the house as a gift to your children, but, according to Smart Money, “you will probably have to dip into your $5.25 million gift-tax exemption.” You can do this by using your annual $14,000 gift-tax exclusion—bear in mind that it is $14,000 per person, so if both you and your spouse gift the house to your child and his spouse, “you can offset $56,000 of the home’s value.”

Figuring out how to get your property transferred to your child is only one of the many complicated processes of estate planning. Do not go through it alone. Contact a dedicated estate planning attorney today.

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New Tax Laws for Estate Planning

TaxesThe end of 2012 saw a flurry of gifting in order to avoid proposed estate taxes by the government that was set to begin in 2013.  This was part of the fiscal cliff tax increases which also affected income taxes, payroll taxes and others.  Now that the rules are more settled after the enactment of the American Taxpayer Relief Act, it is a good time to plan your estate.

Now, the amount excluded from estate taxes is $5.25 million per person and can be doubled for couples to $10.5 million.  This is a limit that is set to be adjusted by inflation by $130,000.  A good estate plan can even limit taxes for amounts above that exemption by setting up trusts suited for your needs.   This is a lot more than the $1 million limit that was going to be law if the US government did nothing to stop the fiscal cliff.

There are also new tax limits for gifting to individuals, estate tax, and generation skipping transfers. Currently the highest rate for this tax is 40% which is a kind of compromise from the rate in 2012 to the initially proposed rate in 2013.  It increased from 35% in 2012 but is still less than the 55% rate after the expiration of Bush’s tax cuts.

Since these changes are more certain it is an opportunity to move money around to benefit from investments and other appreciating assets.  An estate planning lawyer will be able to review your current situation to make sure that gifting and trusts provide the most benefits to you and your family.  Contact an experienced estate planning attorney in DuPage County today to begin this important process.