Tag Archives: beneficiaries

Keeping Track of Beneficiary Designation Forms

There are many assets such as bank accounts, brokerage accounts, insurance policies, annuities and retirement funds that allow a beneficiary to be named on the account. In the event of the account owner’s death, those funds go directly to the person named, avoiding a lengthy probate waiting period. An article in the Wall Street Journal highlighted the importance of keeping accurate and up-to-date documentation of those who have been named as beneficiaries and the serious issues that can arise if beneficiaries are not updates.

 beneficiariesFor example, it is important to remember that despite who is designated in a will, it’s the person named as the beneficiary on the account, policy, etc., who will receive the funds. It’s all too common for people to forget the beneficiary they named on as beneficiary on accounts opened years ago. Your will may be written so that your entire estate is left to one person, but if someone different is named as beneficiary on your bank accounts,the beneficiary on the accounts will receive the funds, not the person named in your will.

Another common oversight people make is forgetting to update beneficiaries when an event such as a death, marriage, or divorce occurs. Financial experts point out that it’s important to choose a beneficiary when you roll over a 401k or an IRA to a new plan or to a Roth IRA because the person who you had previously designated does not automatically carry over to any new accounts.

Experts also advise against choosing a different beneficiary for multiple accounts. For example, if you have three children and each one is the sole beneficiary on three separate accounts and the accounts experience different rates of growth over the years, there will be an unequal distribution of assets upon your death. It may be advantageous to designate all three children as equal beneficiaries on all three accounts.

Careful consideration should be given before naming a minor child as a beneficiary without a trust in place. If a trust is not in place and a minor child is the beneficiary, the court will appoint a financial guardian over those funds until the child becomes of legal age. In addition, not all young adults of legal age are fiscally mature enough to handle a large sum of money responsibly.

Trusts for disabled children and disabled adult children should be set up as supplemental trusts so as not to interfere with any government assistance these children receive. Keeping your beneficiaries up to date and setting up the most strategic estate plan requires the guidance and knowledge of a DuPage County estate planning attorney.

Different Types of Trusts

There are several aspects of estate planning, and while independent research can help to begin the process, the most important first step is to hire an experienced estate-planning attorney. While determining what type of trust or will is best for you can be begun on your own, navigating the subtle differences between them is best done with the assistance of an attorney.

Attorney Cynthia HutchinsThere are five different types of trusts that can be used when beginning estate planning, according to CNN Money Magazine. A trust, according to Fidelity.com, “is a fiduciary agreement that allows a third party, or trustee, to hold assets on behalf of a beneficiary or beneficiaries.” A trust specifies how you would like your assets to be passed on to the people who you have designated as beneficiaries, and differs from a will because it deals only with specific assets owned by the trust rather than an overall plan for your estate upon your death.

The first type of trust, according to CNN Money Magazine, is a credit-shelter trust. This is also known as a family trust, in which you designate “an amount to the trust up to but not exceeding the estate-tax exemption.” The rest of your estate can then be passed to your spouse upon your death tax-free. Another type of trust is known as a generation-skipping trust, which “allows you to transfer a substantial amount of money tax-free to beneficiaries who are at least two generations your junior—typically your grandchildren.”

The next type of trust, according to CNN Money Magazine, is a qualified personal residence trust, which “can remove the value of your home or vacation dwelling from your estate.” This type of trust is very useful if your home “is likely to appreciate in value.” Another type of trust is called an irrevocable life insurance trust. It can be helpful when your heirs need money quickly after you are gone, for example, to keep a family business running. The fifth type of trust is a qualified terminable interest property trust, which is particularly useful if “you are part of a family where there have been divorces, remarriages, and stepchildren.”

Determining which type of trust is best for you is only one aspect of estate planning. When you are ready to begin planning for your family, the most important first step is to seek the counsel of a lawyer. Do not go through the planning process alone. Contact an experienced DuPage County estate-planning attorney today.

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Ray Charles’ Children Win Legal Battle to Reclaim Song Copyrights

Ray CharlesSeveral of late singer Ray Charles’ children have won their legal battle to reclaim the copyrights on 60 of the entertainer’s most famous songs. A lawsuit filed by the Ray Charles Foundation attempted to block his children’s’ right to ownership.

In 1976, a revision to the Copyright Act gave authors the ability to reclaim their works assigned to publishers after a certain period of time. However, works “made for hire” cannot be reclaimed. If an author is deceased, then the heirs of the estate are allowed to recover works.

In 2010, seven of Charles’ twelve children filed termination to reclaim ownership of the 60 compositions from Warner/Chappell Music. Warner/Chappell did not challenge the validity of the termination notices. The Ray Charles Foundation did, however, because it reaps royalties from the copyrighted music.

According to a report in Variety, the judge would not rule on whether or not the songs were “made for hire” but instead wrote that “because the foundation is not a grantee of the rights to be terminated or its successor, Congress did not even require the statutory heirs provide it with statutory notice of the termination, let alone give it a seat at the table during the termination process.”

The foundation was also claiming breach of contract, claiming that in 2002, the children entered into an agreement with their father under which he set up a $500,000 trust for each of them and they waived “any right to make a claim against his estate.” The judge ruled that the termination notices were not claims against the estate because the estate had been probated and closed in 2006, prior to the notices being sent out. Therefore, there was no breach of contract.

Foundations, trusts, and any other estate planning issues can be very complicated and through knowledge of the law is important. Make sure you consult with a qualified Illinois estate attorney for all your estate planning needs.